Gellan gum is a versatile and robust hydrocolloid that can be used to create a variety of textures in food products. High acyl gellan gum and low acyl gellan gum are not exactly the same and they can exhibit different gel properties and textures. While they are both forms of gellan gum and are affected by similar factors, there are some differences in their properties and behavior.

The following are some factors that can affect the gel texture when using gellan gum:

  • Concentration: Gellan gum can form different types of gels depending on its concentration. Low concentrations (less than 0.1%) result in soft, elastic gels, while higher concentrations (0.5-1%) form firmer, more brittle gels.
  • pH: Gellan gum is most effective in a pH range of 4.5-7.0. At lower pH values, the gel texture may become more brittle and less elastic. At higher pH values, the gel may not form at all or may be too weak.
  • Temperature: Gellan gum requires heat to hydrate and dissolve. The gelation temperature depends on the concentration of gellan gum and the presence of other ingredients. In general, higher temperatures result in firmer gels.
  • Ionic strength: The presence of ions, such as calcium, can affect the gel texture. Higher concentrations of calcium ions can result in a firmer gel.
  • Shear: Agitation, such as mixing or blending, can affect the gel texture. High shear can break down the gel structure, resulting in a softer texture.
  • Other ingredients: The addition of other ingredients, such as sugars, acids, or salts, can affect the gel texture. For example, adding sugar can increase the elasticity of the gel, while adding salt can decrease the elasticity.

Overall, the texture of a gellan gum gel can be controlled by adjusting the concentration, pH, temperature, ionic strength, and other ingredients used in the formulation.